Maintain a healthy colon with regular screenings
Have the entirety of your colon and rectum examined by professionals. We will find any abnormalities. Colonoscopy is the procedure of choice for the screening of colon cancer.
The examination involves the insertion of a colonoscope- relatively thin, flexible tube the circumference of a human finger- into your rectum. A tiny camera on the end will allow Dr. Nuako to view the colon. The tube may be removed early if a polyp or abnormal tissue is found. A tissue sample of the polyp may be taken to determine if surgery is necessary.
If the results are negative, then you may be able to wait several years for your next colonoscopy. If the results are positive and reveal adenomatous polyps, then you may need a more rigorous screening schedule. If your colon isn’t completely empty of stool, then you may have to get screened again soon.
Expect to need to do the following before your colonoscopy:
Cease taking iron pills and medications containing iron for five days prior to the procedure. Take laxatives and possibly enemas prescribed by your doctor. Avoid solid foods and opaque liquids. Drink only clear, nonalcoholic liquids and eat only soft food, such as Jell-O. Consume nothing red. Take 5-minute walks every 10 minutes near a bathroom while you’re taking the laxatives.
You must fast on exam day. Expect to have different procedures if you are diabetic or take blood thinners, such as pain relievers. Ask Dr. Nuako about these factors at least 7 days before your procedure.
You can expect to receive a sedative for the procedure. Expect to lie on your left side. A thoroughly disinfected colonoscope will be inserted. It can pump air into your colon so that the doctor can get a better look. You may feel cramping or pressure. The doctor may insert instruments through the channel to take tissue samples, inject solutions, or cauterize tissues.
1. It must be clear of stool and fluids that obscure the view of the colon and rectal lining.
2. To prepare your colon, you’ll likely be asked to do the following during the 24 hours before the exam.
3. A colonoscopy is relatively painless when performed by an experienced practitioner.
4. He or she might take a biopsy or advise surgical removal, depending on the size of the mass.
5. A colonoscopy exam usually takes about 20 minutes to an hour.
6. Frequency of follow-up exams depends on the findings as well as the quality of the exam performed and should be discussed with your doctor. If a polyp or abnormal tissue was found during your colonoscopy that couldn’t be removed, Dr. Nuako may recommend subsequent surgery.
Important Notes for After Your Procedure
You’ll recover from the sedative in less than an hour after the procedure. However, you will need someone to take you home as the sedatives will not have completely worn off. Don’t drive or sign legal documents. Rest.
If you pass gas or feel bloated after the procedure, that’s normal. Walking may help. If the pain is persistent, then tell your doctor. You may also see blood in your first bowel movements. This is normal, but if you continue to pass blood, have persistent abdominal pain, or a fever of 100 F or higher, then see your doctor.
These can all be caused by a biopsy. Rarely, these are caused by perforation of the colon wall. Be alert for signs that you need medical attention.